Jan 21st, 24

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Coconut Tree: Detail Parts and Significant Uses in Life

By Son Vu

The coconut tree, whose scientific name is Cocos Nucifera, is a woody plant belonging to the Arecaceae family and is the only living species of the genus Cocos. Coconuts are ubiquitous in coastal tropical regions and symbolize tropical culture. Today, coconut is also considered a popular source of green materials. In this article, EQUO will explore each part of the coconut tree and its significant uses in life!

1. Overview of the coconut tree

Coconut trees are woody plants found everywhere in coastal tropical regions. In Vietnam, coconut trees are distributed throughout the country, from North to South. However, the majority are still in the Western provinces, especially the Mekong Delta. The coconut tree is known as the "king of tropical trees" because of its great economic, cultural, and environmental values.

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1.1. Special features of coconut tree

The coconut tree is a special tree species of the tropics, originating from Southeast Asia and introduced and planted in many parts of the world. This plant has some features as follows:

  • Stem straight, 15-20m high, trunk diameter about 30cm. The trunk of the coconut tree is round, gray-brown in color, with many scars left by fallen leaves.
  • Adventitious roots are continuously born at the base of the stem. When they first grow, they are white, then turn red-brown.
  • Coconut leaves are compound leaves, fan-shaped, with long petioles, the leaves are usually dark green, and glossy and can be up to 6m long and up to 1m wide.
  • Coconut flowers grow in clusters at the top of the tree.
  • Coconuts are spherical, have a hard shell, and contain coconut meat, coconut water, and coconut meat inside.
  • Coconut trees have the ability to adapt well to hot and humid tropical climates, have lots of sunshine and normal rainfall, and have good salt tolerance.

Special features of coconut tree

Source: Internet

1.2. Classification of coconut varieties

Coconut trees are classified into many different varieties based on morphology, characteristics, and quality. Some popular coconut varieties include:

  • Cocos nucifera: This is the most popular coconut variety in Vietnam. The coconut is large, the coconut water is sweet and cool, and the coconut meat is thick and fatty.
  • Cocos nucifera var. typica: Smaller than Cocos nucifera, coconut water has a sweet taste.
  • Cocos nucifera var. alba: Famous for its dense, opaque white coconut meat. When eaten, it has a greasier and more delicious taste than regular coconut meat because it contains more essential oils, fats, and lower water content.
  • Cocos nucifera var. niu glabrum: A green outer shell like a Cocos nucifera var. typica, but the inner shell and part of the coconut shell when young have a very beautiful pastel pink color. When ripe, the coconut shell will turn yellow-brown, but the coconut fiber will remain pink.

1.3. The role of the coconut tree in life

Coconut trees play an important role in human life, from food supply to use in construction art and many other uses:

  • As a food supply source

Coconut water is a healthy refreshing drink that has cooling and detoxifying effects. Coconut water contains many minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium,... which help balance electrolytes in the body. In addition, coconut water also contains a lot of vitamin C, vitamin B1, vitamin B6,... which help increase resistance and antioxidants.

Fresh coconut meat has a sweet, fatty taste and can be eaten directly or used to make sweet soup, ice cream, cakes, etc. Dried coconut meat can be used to make candies, snacks,...

  • Use in construction

Coconut trunks can be used to make columns, trusses, beams, etc. in construction projects because they are highly durable, have good bearing capacity, and are termite-proof.

In addition, people also use coconut to make handicraft items such as tables, chairs, beds, cabinets, etc. after being carved and painted to create beautiful and delicate products.

  • Other uses: Coconut oil production, paper and fiber production, medicine making,...

The coconut tree is a tree with high economic, social, and environmental value. Coconut trees can be grown in many different lands, including salty alum soil, and can withstand storms and drought. Therefore, coconut trees are widely grown in many countries around the world, including Vietnam. In part 2, let's learn about the main parts of the coconut tree and their uses!

2. Main parts of the coconut tree and their uses

The coconut tree is a versatile tree, with many uses in human life. Each part of the coconut tree has its own unique values, bringing practical benefits.

2.1. Coconut fruit

Coconut has high nutritional value brings many health benefits to humans, and is a source of food and raw materials.

Coconuts can be used in many different dishes, from appetizers, and main courses to desserts. Coconut water is a great refreshing drink and has the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying, and replenishing energy, and essential minerals for the body. Coconut meat can be eaten fresh, dried, or processed into many different dishes such as sweet soup, cakes, candy,...

Main parts of the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

2.2. Coconut leaves

Coconut leaves have many uses in construction, decoration, and even as materials for arts and crafts:

  • In construction, coconut leaves are used for roofing, fencing, roofing, etc. Coconut leaves are durable, strong, and waterproof, very suitable for use.
  • In decoration, coconut leaves are used to decorate homes, gardens, festivals,... bringing natural beauty and freshness to the space.
  • In handicrafts, coconut leaves can be woven, braided, or collaged into many different shapes to make products such as hats, hats, baskets, etc.

Main parts of the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

2.3. Coconut trunk

Coconut trunks have many uses in many industries, from construction to energy production:

  • In construction, coconut trunks are used to make columns, trusses, purlins,...
  • In energy production, coconut trunks can be used to produce biofuels such as biogas. Biogas is a type of biological gas that can be used for cooking, lighting, or generating electricity.

Main parts of the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

2.4. Coconut roots

Coconut roots have profound effects on the growth of the tree and also bring many medicinal values:

  • Coconut roots help the coconut tree absorb water and nutrients from the soil, as well as help the tree stand firmly and withstand wind and storms.
  • Coconut roots have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic effects. According to folk experience, people use periwinkle roots to deworm and reduce fever.

Main parts of the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

The main parts of the coconut tree all have useful uses for humans. From these main parts, people have processed many products with high use value.

3. Products from the coconut tree and their uses

The coconut tree is a versatile tree, from stem to leaf, from root to tip can be used to create useful products.

3.1. Coconut oil

Coconut oil is a product extracted from coconut meat. Coconut oil has many uses in life, from beauty to health care:

  • Coconut oil is a very popular natural skin and hair conditioner. They help moisturize, soften the skin, fight aging, and stimulate hair growth.
  • Coconut oil has many health benefits such as improving digestion, fighting inflammation, reducing the risk of heart disease and diabetes as well as supporting the immune system.

Products from the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

3.2. Coconut milk

Coconut milk is extracted from coconut meat, has a rich, delicious flavor, and has many different uses:

  • In cuisine, coconut milk is often used to cook dishes such as sweet soup, cakes, candy, etc. Coconut milk makes dishes greasy, delicious, and rich in flavor.
  • Not only a cooking ingredient, coconut milk is also used in cosmetics. Coconut milk contains many nutrients that are good for the skin, help moisturize, whiten the skin, and prevent aging. Coconut milk can be used to make facial cleanser, lotion, facial mask,...

Products from the coconut tree and their uses

Source: Internet

3.3. Coconut tuber

Coconut tubers are the young part of the coconut stem that has a sweet, crunchy flavor and has many culinary applications. Coconut tuber helps dishes become more crunchy, delicious, refreshing, and rich in flavor. It is often used to prepare dishes such as salads, salads, soups, etc. In addition, coconut tuber can also be used to make snacks like dried coconut tubers, and crispy fried coconut tubers,...

3.4. Coconut fiber

Coconut fiber is the fibrous part of the coconut shell, used for a variety of purposes, from producing construction materials and making handicrafts, to uses in farming.

  • In construction: Coconut fiber can be used to produce construction materials such as bricks, tiles, roofing sheets,... with good heat insulation, sound insulation, and waterproofing properties.
  • In handicrafts: People use coconut fiber to make products such as baskets, baskets, carpets,...
  • In farming: Coconut fiber can be used as a growing medium, helping to retain moisture, increase soil porosity, and create favorable conditions for plant roots to grow.
  • In addition, coconut fiber is also used as fuel.

The coconut tree is a multi-purpose tree, from the trunk, leaves, fruit, and coconut water,... all can be used to process into many valuable products. This is not only a plant that brings high economic value but also contributes to protecting the environment and improving the quality of human life.

4. Benefits and development potential of the coconut tree

Coconut tree is a tree species with high economic and ecological value. Every part of the coconut tree can be used to create valuable products. The proper exploitation and use of products from coconut trees can bring many benefits to people and the environment.

4.1. Coconut tree: Economic benefits

Coconut trees are a popular crop in tropical regions, and they bring many economic benefits to people:

  • Coconut oil is a vegetable oil that has many uses in life, from beauty to health care. Coconut oil has a high economic value, ranging from 100,000 to 300,000 VND/bottle depending on capacity.
  • Coconut water is a popular beverage with high nutritional value and is good for health. On average, each coconut is sold for 15,000 to 30,000 VND.
  • Coconut fiber is an important raw material in the production of construction materials, fertilizers, and fuels, prices range from 10,000 - 15,000 VND/kg.

4.2. Coconut tree in medicine

The coconut tree has many medicinal properties, used in the treatment of various health problems:

  • Coconut water has the effect of clearing heat, detoxifying, and helping to replenish water and minerals for the body.
  • Coconut oil has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, helping to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes,...
  • Coconut meat has a laxative effect and helps with good digestion.

4.3. Coconut tree in handicraft product manufacturing

Creative artisans have used parts of coconut trees to create unique works of art such as tables, chairs, shelves, decorations, hats, hats, baskets, fans, carpets,...

Handicraft products from coconut represent the culture of the Southern River region. With the ingenuity and creativity of artisans, these products have become a characteristic of tourism in Ben Tre and other southwestern provinces.

Coconut tree in handicraft product manufacturing

Source: Internet

4.4. Development and sustainability potential of the coconut tree

Coconut trees have high growth potential, bringing many benefits to people and the environment. However, it is necessary to exploit and use appropriately to ensure sustainability:

  • Develop sustainable farming models and limit overexploitation.
  • Improve the added value of coconut products, create jobs, and increase income for people.
  • Research and develop new products from coconut to meet market needs.

Above are important and popular uses of coconut trees in many aspects of life. We hope you will create more uses for yourself with your unique impression. And don't forget to visit EQUO to shop for environmentally friendly products from coconut, contributing to supporting the community and protecting the environment!

EQUO Coconut Straws: An Environmentally Friendly Alternative to Plastic Straws

EQUO Coconut Straws: An Environmentally Friendly Alternative to Plastic Straws

EQUO coconut straws bring you a sustainable alternative to plastic straws, dispelling all user fears about the shortcomings of natural straws such as being easily soluble in water and poor heat resistance.

EQUO coconut straws are made from 100% fermented coconut water, going through many stages of drying and hardening to shape the product. Coconut straws are extremely environmentally friendly as they do not contain plastic and can completely decompose in the natural environment. Although made from fermented coconut water, EQUO coconut straws have no aroma or taste that affects the drink. In addition, the product has an extremely solid and sturdy structure and does not disintegrate quickly in water when used.

Please visit EQUO's store today and order coconut straw products:

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