Thg 01 21, 24
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How To Grow Enoki Mushrooms From Sugarcane Bagasse At Home To Save Money
Bởi Son Vu
Enoki mushrooms are a delicious, nutritious mushroom that is loved by many people. So why don't you try growing enoki mushrooms at home? This is not too difficult and can save significant costs. In this article, EQUO will guide you on how to grow enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse at home. Bagasse is not only a byproduct of the sugar industry but also contains many important nutrients and minerals, creating an ideal environment for fungi to grow. In addition, growing your own enoki mushrooms not only brings many cost benefits but also helps you control the quality of mushrooms and ensure food safety for your family.
The ingredients and tools needed to prepare are very simple, you can easily find and buy them. Let's start growing enoki mushrooms right away!
1. Materials and tools
Materials and tools needed to prepare enoki mushrooms include:
- Sugarcane bagasse
- Enoki mushroom spawn
- 100g urea fertilizer
- 100g DAP fertilizer
- Diluted lime
- Styrofoam box, plastic tray, or mushroom nursery pot
- Burlap, nylon
- Tools for mixing sugarcane bagasse, composting bagasse, and cultivating mushroom spawn
Once you are fully prepared, you can begin the next steps in the process. In the next part, let's learn with EQUO about the steps to grow enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse!
>> Read More:
- Eco-friendly Biodegradable Sugarcane Straws: Can You Eat Them?
- Biodegradable Sugarcane Straws for Drinks: How Are They Made?
- What Are Biodegradable Straws Made Of?
2. Steps to grow enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse
Growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse is an effective way to recycle bagasse, helping protect the environment and providing a clean, safe food source for the family. The process of growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse is not too complicated, but specific steps need to be followed to ensure success.
In addition to mushroom spawn, sugarcane bagasse is the main raw material for growing enoki mushrooms. Before starting planting, you need to prepare bagasse by composting as follows:
- Step 1: Soak bagasse in clear lime water to reduce pH, and kill bacteria and insects within 24 hours.
Note: Bagasse should be soaked in a cool place, away from direct sunlight.
- Step 2: After soaking the bagasse, take it out and drain. Dilute the sugarcane bagasse mixture with water, urea, and DAP fertilizer in a ratio of 1:1:1.
Note: You should use clean water to dilute the mixture.
- Step 3: Take the mixture out and spread it evenly on a clean wooden shelf. Use plastic wrap to cover the mixture and incubate for 20 days.
Note: After incubation for 20 days, the bagasse will turn dark brown. At this point, you can start growing enoki mushrooms.
After 20 days of composting the bagasse, when the bagasse has a fragrant smell, you can proceed with cultivating the mushroom spawn.
How to inoculate mushroom spawn:
- Spread a thin layer of sugarcane bagasse on the surface of a styrofoam box, plastic tray, or mushroom nursery pot.
- Sprinkle mushroom spawn on top of the sugarcane bagasse.
- Continue doing this until the tank is full. Finally, cover the top surface with straw.
- Next, you cover the mushroom spawn with film. After 5 days, the mycelium will begin to spread around the spawn surface. At this time, you remove the mulch and replace it with a perforated burlap or plastic bag so the mycelium can grow.
- After about 12 days, the mycelium will begin to form mushrooms. After 15 days, you can harvest the mushrooms.
After transplanting the mushroom spawn, you need to keep the temperature in the foam box, plastic tray, or mushroom nursery pot stable at about 25 - 28 degrees Celsius. The humidity in the foam box, plastic tray, or mushroom nursery pot needs to reach 70%. Water the mushrooms by misting them 2-3 times a day to ensure enough moisture.
After about 15 days from inoculating the mushroom spawn, enoki mushrooms will begin to sprout. You can harvest mushrooms when they are about 10 - 15 cm tall. After harvesting the mushrooms for the first time, you need to cover the surface of the mushroom embryo with a burlap bag or plastic bag so that the mushroom spawn continues to grow. After 3-4 days, you can harvest the next batch of mushrooms.
In short, growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse is a process that requires meticulousness and care from the grower. Part 3 will cover important tips when growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse. Let's explore these notes with EQUO in the next section.
3. Tips when growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse
Enoki mushrooms are easy-to-grow mushrooms that can be grown at home with simple ingredients like sugarcane bagasse. However, to achieve high productivity and good quality, the following issues should be noted:
3.1. Moisture management and how to prevent spawn damage
Humidity is the most important factor determining the success of enoki mushroom cultivation. Humidity needs to be maintained at 70 - 80% throughout the planting process. If the humidity is too low, the spawn will dry out and die. If the humidity is too high, the mushrooms will easily rot and mold.
To ensure humidity, it is necessary to regularly water the mushroom spawn, especially in the early stages when the mushroom spawn is newly transplanted.
In addition, care should be taken to protect mushroom spawn from direct sunlight, drafts, and other harmful agents.
3.2. Choose a clean environment for the growing process
The environment for growing enoki mushrooms needs to be clean, and free of harmful insects and bacteria. It is necessary to clean the mushroom growing area, mushroom growing tools and spawn before starting to grow.
Lime powder can be used to disinfect the mushroom growing area. The lime powder will help kill insects, bacteria, and other harmful agents.
3.3. Water the sugarcane bagasse correctly
How to water enoki mushrooms is also very important. Watering too much will cause the mushrooms to rot and mold. Watering too little will prevent the fungus from growing. You can use a mist sprayer to water the mushroom spawn, helping the water to penetrate evenly without washing the mushroom spawn away.
Watering enoki mushrooms should be watered evenly, avoid watering too much at once. You should water in the early morning or late afternoon, avoid watering in the hot afternoon sun.
Some other notes when growing enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse:
- You should choose a bagasse that is not moldy or moldy.
- Before planting, it is necessary to compost bagasse for 20 days to create a favorable environment for fungus to grow.
- You should use quality mushroom spawns of clear origin.
With the above tips, you can successfully grow enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse and harvest fresh, delicious, nutritious mushrooms.
Thus, the above article has detailed instructions on how to grow enoki mushrooms from sugarcane bagasse at home. This is a simple, easy-to-implement, and cost-effective method of growing mushrooms. With just a few simple ingredients and tools, you can grow fresh, nutritious enoki mushrooms right at home.
EQUO hopes the information in the article will be useful to you. Good luck!
Sugarcane bagasse - An environmentally friendly material
Bagasse is a by-product of the sugar cane production process. Every year, Vietnam produces about 100 million tons of cane sugar, equivalent to about 30-34 million tons of bagasse. This is an abundant source of raw materials and can be used to produce many environmentally friendly products.
EQUO is a brand that produces environmentally friendly products, including bagasse products.
EQUO's sugarcane bagasse products include:
- Bagasse straws: EQUO's bagasse straws are made from 100% pure bagasse, are highly durable, heat resistant, and can completely decompose in the natural environment.
- Bagasse knives, spoons, forks: EQUO bagasse knives, spoons, and forks are made from natural bagasse, are highly durable, safe for health, and can completely decompose in the natural environment.
- Bagasse food containers: EQUO's bagasse food containers come in a variety of sizes and designs, suitable for users' needs. Bagasse food containers can withstand heat well, are safe for health, and can completely decompose in the natural environment.
Let's join hands with EQUO to protect the environment by using bagasse products. Immediately refer to EQUO's sugarcane bagasse products at the website: